Journal of ROL Sport Sciences 2023-12-29T15:23:14+03:00 Dr. Mehmet GUL / Dr. Levent CEYLAN Open Journal Systems <p>Journal of ROL Sports Sciences (JROLSS) is a refereed, scientific and international electronic journal, in which original research articles and review articles aiming to contribute to the field of Sports Sciences are published.</p> <p>JROLSS aims to provide an important resource in developing every aspect of sport with the understanding of bringing together topics that will contribute to the education, practice and theoretical fields of sport:</p> <ul> <li>Publish articles covering a wide range of topics,</li> <li>To publish quantitative, qualitative, mixed and single-subject methodology research and critical review articles that will contribute theoretically to the field and combine theory and practice,</li> <li>From an international perspective "Training Science: Exercise Physiology, Physical Activity and Health, Physical Fitness, Movement and Training Science, Nutrition and Doping in Sport, Sports Genetics; Physical Education and Sport Education: Skill Learning, Educational Games, Sport Education; Sport Management: Sport Economics, Sport History, Organizational Behavior in Sport, Recreation Management in Sport, Consumer Behavior in Sport" to provide a forum for the publication of original research,</li> <li>To bring together international authors and readers from various disciplines and professional fields to better understand key issues in sport.</li> </ul> <p><strong>NOTE:</strong> JROLSS <a href="">Editorial Board</a> has decided to give <strong>"Best Research Award"</strong> in each issue starting from 2024. In this direction, high quality studies will be awarded among the articles published in the relevant issues, taking into account the principle of complete impartiality.<em> <strong>JROLSS aims to encourage Scientists to publish the best.</strong></em></p> <p><strong>Points to be Considered in the Evaluation Method: </strong></p> <p><em>a). The original and added value of the published articles will be taken into consideration,</em></p> <p><em>b). The presentation of the article to the Scientific Field will be taken into account. </em></p> <p><strong><sup>*</sup>NOTE: </strong><u>JROLSS DOES NOT ACCEPT STUDIES ON LOCATION (The Case/Example of ...) and COVID-19.</u></p> <p><strong><sup>**</sup>NOTE: </strong>JROLSS demands the Ethics Committee Report for Scientific Research.</p> <p>JROLSS only accepts articles in English and Turkish. Authors should use only one spelling style (British, American or Turkish) in their articles.</p> <p>JROLSS is a member of <a href="">International Committee of Medical Journal Editors (ICMJE)</a> since January 2023 and is open access, independent academic journal. <a href="">Article Processing Charges</a> are <strong>$250</strong>, regardless of acceptance/rejection.</p> <p><strong>Publication Frequency: </strong>JROLSS publishes quarterly from 2023 -Exception of the Special Issues- (<strong>March</strong>,<strong> June</strong>, <strong>September</strong> and <strong>December</strong>). </p> <p><strong>Visibility:</strong> indexed within <a href="">H.W Wilson</a>, <a href="">SPORTDiscus</a>, <a href="">DOAJ</a>, <a href="">EBSCO</a>, <a href="">ERIHPLUS</a>, <a href=";ID=Fqszz4kBQzmg-9NMUam8">SOBIAD</a>, <a href=";topics=4d273f3a-6bad-4bb2-baee-23e930c8aeca">CABI Leisure Tourism</a>, <a href="">CABI Abstracts and Global Health Database</a> and <a href="">other databases</a>.</p> <p><strong>Registering &amp; Submission:</strong> If you are interested in submitting your manuscript, please register at <a href=""></a>. After creating a membership, you can send your article for evaluation from our web address after editing your article from <a href="">our related files</a>. If you have any questions, you can easily contact <a href=""></a> and <a href=""></a> e-mail addresses.</p> <p><strong><em>Update: </em></strong><em>09.23.2023</em></p> Supporting product trends of animal experiments in sports science: Systematic review 2023-12-18T23:00:44+03:00 Ediz Erdem <p><em>According to scientific records, animal experimentation dates back to the work of Hippocrates. Since in vitro models similar to the complex structure of the body cannot be developed today, the use of experimental animals in scientific research is still ongoing. A large share of animal experimentation belongs to biomedical research and development. Studies on food supplements are evaluated in this field. In this study, we aimed to analyze the content of postgraduate theses involving food supplements and animal experiments. Higher Education Institution Thesis Center database was searched and 8612 theses completed until 2020 in the sports category were reached. The study was conducted with 34 theses that met the inclusion criteria according to the Prisma flow diagram. Restricted theses were accessed through the Turkish Document Provision and Lending System. Data were expressed as frequency frequency (n) and percentage value (%). In the theses examined, it was seen that rat (100%) was preferred as the experimental animal, wistar-albino (67.6%) as the subject breed, male (85.3%) as the gender, and 8-week-old animals (32.4%) as the age range. In the studies, melatolin (11.8%) and L-carnitine (11.8%) were used as food supplements, and the effects of running (44.1%) and chronic exercise (52.9%) were examined. It was determined that blood samples were taken from the subjects (67.6%) and oxidative stress parameters (50.0%) were examined in the blood or tissue samples. As a result, it was seen that animal experiments in sports sciences did not take into account the ARRIVE guideline, which consists of a minimum of 20 articles and must be followed in animal experiment research</em><em>.</em></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences The effect of sports managers on basketball player’s sports self-confidence and coping with stress levels 2023-12-19T15:22:04+03:00 Ejder Gunes <p><em>This study aims to examine the effect of sports managers on basketball player’s sports self-confidence and coping with stress levels. Basketball is highlighted as a team sport that combines the player's physical skills and mental sharpness. The dynamics, competitiveness, and the always changing game conditions inside the court, lay the groundwork for the complex factors that affect the sports self-confidence levels and the ability to cope with the stress of basketball athletes. These psychological components that affect the player's performance on the court carry great importance to individual and team-wise success. Self-confidence is a primary feature that affects the individual’s behavior and is shaped by the effects of environmental factors throughout one’s lifetime. This can affect one’s belief in their skills. Also because of rapidly changing life conditions people’s physical and mental limits can be routinely pushed and this can show up as stress. Stress is the outcome of an individual's psychological reaction to environmental events and is an integral part of daily life. For this reason, it is inevitable for a social creature like a human to show different reactions and try to adapt to these differences as their physical and mental limits are pushed. Focusing on how sports managers can affect players' mental health and performance makes an important contribution to the sport’s psychological aspect.</em></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences An evaluation on the place and function of the concept of sport in Turkish textbooks 2023-12-26T18:52:13+03:00 Sami Baskin <p>Unlike other books, Turkish textbooks do not focus on the transfer of knowledge. Therefore, they are not knowledge-specific books. Instead of teaching a specific subject, these books are expected to improve students’ skills in reading, writing, speaking, listening, applying grammar rules, etc. Therefore, the books contain texts that attract the students’ attention and encourage them to read, write, speak or listen. These texts can be on various topics ranging from Turkish culture to sports, from travelling to air pollution. This study was conducted to determine how and to what extent sports are used in Turkish textbooks to improve students’ language skills. For this purpose, the content analysis of the book sent to schools by the Ministry of National Education for the 5th grade Turkish course in 2022-2023 was conducted. In this content analysis, sport was considered in a broad sense, including branches such as basketball, football, athleticism, and traditional games. As a result of the research, it was found that the selection of texts for Turkish textbooks often favoured texts with sports content, including well-known sports such as basketball and swimming, as well as lesser-known sports such as bullfighting. The texts do not teach these sports directly. Instead, in existing reading texts or course activities, the subject of sport is used to initiate, develop, illustrate or reflect a situation in the text. In this way, it enables students to easily match the lesson with their daily lives and favourite occupations and motivates them to Turkish activities. </p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences The effect of six days open water swimming activity on salivary, oxidative stress and cortisol levels on elite master swimmers 2023-12-10T21:53:59+03:00 Nihal Sekhar Oktay Kubilay Cimen Beste Tacal Aslan Sukriye Caliskan Cengiz Karagozoglu Korkut Ulucan <p>Open water swimming is a sport and recreational activity in which individuals swim in natural bodies of water. When the body is under stress, stress hormones, and reactive oxygen metabolite production may increase. The study aims to evaluate the effect of swimming stress on oxidation formation, antioxidant response, and cortisol levels in whole saliva samples of long-distance open-water swimmers taken before and after swimming. Lipid peroxidation (LPO), superoxide dismutase (SOD), catalase (CAT), glutathione (GSH), and sialic acid (SA) were determined in the whole saliva of the 12 swimmers before and after swimming. Also, cortisol levels were measured from whole saliva collected in 10 laps, before and after each swim. The salivary LPO level of the swimmers significantly increased, and SOD and CAT activities and SA levels decreased significantly after swimming compared to the baseline. After swimming, the salivary cortisol levels of the swimmers significantly increased in the 1st, 2nd, and 3rd laps of the swim compared to each one’s baseline levels. It was also observed that swimming activity caused an increase in total cortisol levels in all laps compared to baseline swimming. Swimming in open water can cause stress on the organism, leading to metabolic adaptations for prevention.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences The effects of movement skills exercise program on the motor and attentional performance of individuals with intellectual disabilities 2023-11-24T11:39:58+03:00 Fethi Arslan Erkan Gulgosteren Mehmet Akif Ziyagil Pervin Toptas Demirci <p class="ENGLISHABSRACT"><span lang="EN-US">This study aims to determine the effect of movement skills exercise program on motor and attention performance of people with intellectual disabilities. In the study, an 8-week movement training program was applied to the experimental group and a classical physical education program was applied to the control group while the effectiveness of these two training programs on the body composition, coordination, agility and attention characteristics of the participants was investigated. In the study, EZE children and their families were reached in Mersin province and voluntary participation of 40 EZE children aged between 10 and 20 years was ensured with the consent forms given by their families. Twenty of the participants were formed as experimental group (9 males, 11 females) and the other 20 were formed as control group (14 males, 6 females). In the study, two groups, one experimental group and the other control group, were formed by random assignment in the pretest-posttest control group model. The results of this study showed that only the throwing and catching test result between the experimental and control groups was greater in favor of the experimental group during the pretest in male and female adolescents. During the post-test, between the experimental and control groups in both sexes, the Burdon's attention test was greater in favor of the experimental group and the slalom test was greater in favor of the control group. As a result, the 8-week movement training program had a low effect on the body mass index, a moderate effect on slalom skills, and a large effect on throwing-catching and Burdon attention test in EZE men, while it had a low effect only on the Burdon test in men with different exercise programs.</span></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences The role of physical activity attitudes and behaviors and personal characteristics in digital game addiction 2023-11-02T09:38:12+03:00 Ilhan Bayir Ersin Eskiler <p><em>The accessibility and popularity of digital games are increasing day by day. Although digital games are generally seen as entertainment and leisure activities, potential negative consequences such as addiction should be evaluated from different perspectives. This study aims to determine the role of the Z generation's personal characteristics and physical activity attitudes and behaviors on digital game addiction. The relational survey model, one of the quantitative research methods, was used in the research. The data were obtained from a total of 257 secondary school students selected by convenience sampling method. Descriptive statistics, explanatory factor analysis, Pearson correlation, and hierarchical regression analyses were used in data analysis. The hierarchical regression models for predicting digital game addiction were found to be statistically significant. When the two different models were examined, it was determined that age and digital game playing time explained 25% of the total variance in the first model, and age, digital game playing time, outcome expectations and personal barriers in the second model explained 34% of the total variance of digital game addiction. In conclusion, the age and duration of playing digital games are practical factors in digital game addiction. In addition, the development of positive attitudes and behaviors towards physical activity is important in reducing the digital game addiction of individuals (or preventing addiction).</em></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences Evaluation of fms, dynamic balance and jump performance in faculty of sports sciences students 2023-12-02T00:23:28+03:00 Gamze Erikoglu Orer Seyfullah Celik Burak Alperen Unsal Busra Yilmaz Ipek Akinci Salih Cabuk <p>The aim of this study was to investigate whether there is a difference between the Functional Movement Screening (FMS), dynamic balance and drop jump values of male and female athletes and non-athletes. 41 athletes (23 male and 18 female) and 27 non-athletes (14 male and 13 female) participated in this study. FMS, Y balance, 40 and 50 cm drop jump tests values of participants were collected, respectively. Data were analyzed by using SPSS 22.0 statistical program. Two Independent Samples t-test was used to analyze the differences between groups. Comparisons of athlete male-female groups demonstrated significant differences in terms of FMS, 40-50 cm height, flight times, power, Reactive Strenght Index (RSI) and 50 cm ground contact times, that of non-athlete male-female indicated significant differences in regard to right leg Y Balance Test Composite Scores, 40-50 cm jumping height, flight times, power and RSI values. Moreover, there are significant differences in terms of FMS scores in athlete-nonathlete female groups (p&lt;0.05). Regardless of sportiveness, significant differences were found in 40-50 cm jumping height, flight times, power, RSI, contact times between genders. FMS scores can serve as a guide for long-term athlete development and injury prevention programs.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences Investigation of physical education teachers’ sensation seeking levels according to different variables 2023-08-11T22:32:05+03:00 Seydi Karakus <p>The aim of this study is to investigate the level of enthusiasm of physical education teachers working in public institutions affiliated to the Ministry of National Education. A survey model was used for the study, which was conducted using a quantitative research method. The study group was randomly selected and consisted of a total of 550 people, 320 of whom were male and 230 females. The “Sensation Seeking Scale” was used as the measuring instrument. The Cronbach’s alpha coefficient of the “Sensation Seeking Scale”, which was adapted into Turkish, was determined to be 0.79. Kolmogorov-Smirnov normality test was applied to the obtained data and Levene values (equality of variances), independent samples (t-test) and one-way ANOVA tests were performed as a result of the skewness and kurtosis values. It was found that the level of arousal did not change as a function of the variables of gender, marital status and age; no change was found as a function of the variables of place of work, income status and work experience. It was found that the arousal level was higher in female participants than in male participants, that the arousal level was higher in single participants than in married participants and that the arousal level decreased with increasing age.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences The effects of player substitutions on match winning performance in Turkish Super League 2023-03-10T21:59:24+03:00 Halit Egesoy Hayrettin Gumusdag Mertcan Ebubekir Cimbilaz Yavuz Ihsan Kilic <p class="TURKISHABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-style: normal;">During the soccer game, coaches have to make strategic decisions on player substitutions. Player substitutions made at the right time and with the right player can have a significant impact on winning the competition. The aim of this study is to investigate the effects of player substitutions in Turkish Super League competitions on match winning performance. The sample of the present study was composed of 100 matches randomly selected from the Turkish Professional Soccer League (Super League) during the 2020-2021 season. A total of 766 player substitutions made by the home and away teams in these competitions were analyzed according to the determined parameters. All the data obtained were given and interpreted as frequency and percentage values. As a result of the analyzes carried out, it was determined that the first player substitutions occurred mostly in the half-time and between 46-60 minutes of the competitions. It was found that the second player substitutions occurred mostly between the 61-75 minutes of the games. It has been observed that the third, fourth and fifth substitutions are mostly made between the 76-90 minutes of the matches. As a result, the fact that the coaches make more substitutions, especially between the 61-90 minutes of the matches, can be explained as the result of a strategy they apply to win the match by interfering with the game. In addition, coaches' substitutions time strategies can have an impact on the game tactics applied during the competition and final outcome in the match.</span></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences The effect of the nutrition education program applied to sports high school students on the level of nutrition knowledge 2023-09-03T15:32:35+03:00 Kerem Gunduz Kazim Nas Esma Cetin <p><em>The aim of this study was to determine the current nutritional knowledge levels of Sports High School students and to examine the effect of nutrition education given to these students at certain intervals on their nutritional knowledge levels. A total of 160 students consisting of 9th, 10th and 11th grade students of Sports High School voluntarily participated in the study. The participating students were randomly divided into two equal groups as experimental (N=80; 15.96±0.80) and control (N=80; 15.96±0.80) groups. "Nutrition Knowledge Level Test" was administered to determine the nutritional knowledge level of the participants. After the test was administered to the students, both groups continued their normal classes. Only the experimental group received nutrition education for 1 hour twice a week for 4 weeks. After the training, both groups were administered the nutrition knowledge test again and a pre-post test comparison was made. Kolmogrov Smirnov test was applied to determine the suitability of the data for normal distribution. According to these results, it was determined that the data did not show normal distribution and Wilcoxon method was used in intragroup analysis and Man Whitney U method was used in intergroup analysis. According to the results of the study, a statistically significant difference was found between the pre-test and post-test results of the experimental group both within and between groups (p&lt;0.05). Consequently, it was determined that there was a 47.5% increase in the nutritional knowledge level of the experimental group with nutrition education.</em></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences Sportsmanship in sport with athlete perspective 2023-12-04T21:09:35+03:00 Ilyas Gorgut Erkut Tutkun <p>The study aims to determine the athletes’ views on sportsmanship. In the study, qualitative research method and phenomenology design was preferred. The sampling group of the study consists of 15 athletes determined by the easily accessible case sampling method. Individual interviews were conducted with the athletes within the scope of semi-structured interview technique lasting an average of 25 minutes. Descriptive and content analysis methods were applied to the transcribed participant statements. As a result, sportsmen define sportsmanship as acting in accordance with the rules and fighting within the scope of fair play. Having or not having sportsmanship behaviour has positive or negative effects on all segments in the field and the competition environment, the circle of friends, especially the family and the coach, are the relevant stakeholders affecting sportsmanship. Finally, unsportsmanlike behaviours are seen due to reasons such as coach behaviours, provocation of the rival team, injury, etc.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences Creativity fostering behaviors with respect to using teaching styles of physical education teachers 2023-09-02T16:27:41+03:00 Melek Makaraci Zehra Certel Ziya Bahadir <p><em>The student-centered approaches used in physical educationand sports lessons have positive effects on creativity. This study aims to examine the teaching styles and creativity-fostering behaviors ofphysical education and sports teachers according to gender, and employment statusin public or private schools and to reveal the differences in creativity-fosteringbehaviors according to the teaching styles they use. The research sampleconsisted of a total of 348 physical education and sports teachers, 145 femalesand 203 males. As data collection tools, Physical Education Teachers’Perceptions of Teaching Styles (PETPTS) and Creativity Fostering TeacherBehavior İndex (CTFIndex) were used to determine the teaching styles used byteachers in physical education and sports lessons together with the personalinformation form designed by the researchers. It was determined that themajority of physical education and sports teachers have sufficient knowledgeabout the styles they use and that the teacher-centered approach, in which theteacher is active, is preferred. As a result, teachers’ behaviors encouragingcreativity may vary according to their use of teaching styles.</em></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences An examination of the totem behavior of professional football fans 2023-12-16T17:00:23+03:00 Aydogan Soyguden <p class="TURKISHABSTRACT"><span lang="EN-US" style="font-style: normal;">This study was conducted to investigate the totemic behavior of professional soccer fans. The study was conducted with a student (N=132) studying at the Faculty of Sports Sciences at Erciyes College (Turkiye). Prior to the study, a questionnaire was created using Google forms. In the questionnaire, some demographic information and totem behaviors were requested. The percentage and frequency distributions of the data obtained were calculated statistically. The students participating in the study were (52%) male, (48%) female, (40%) aged 19-20 years, (39%) aged 21-22 years. According to the status of the team the students support, Galatasaray FC (45%), Fenerbahce FC (36%) and Besiktas FC (17%) are soccer club fans. Among the very different answers students gave to the totem behaviors were wearing a team jersey, not watching the game, praying, singing the team anthem, watching while standing, holding the hand of a loved one, closing their eyes during goal attacks, watching the TV screen from behind, drinking Turkish coffee, not speaking, holding a Turkish teacup in the hand, sitting on the right side of the seat, hanging the team flag, praying (salad), keeping still and not blinking, supporting the opposing team such as the behaviors mentioned. It can therefore be stated that a quarter of the fans definitely exhibit totem behaviors. Among the totem behaviors, wearing the team jersey is the most popular, while singing the team anthem, hanging the team flag and believing by feeling are outstanding results. It is recommended that soccer clubs select the jerseys most desired by fans in colors and shapes that match the club’s history and culture. An average pricing policy for team jersey should be established and prices should be determined that are suitable for each income group.</span></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences Evaluation of the relationship between the 30-15 intermittent fitness test and anaerobic performance in elite Turkish female handball players 2023-12-16T17:57:53+03:00 Goktug Ertetik Okan Kamis Oguz Gurkan Ali Erdem Cigerci Onur Mutlu Yasar Veli Volkan Gurses <p class="ENGLISHABSRACT"><span lang="EN-US">The aim of this research is to investigate the relationships between the field-based 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test (IFT) performance, anaerobic performance (30-second Wingate Anaerobic power and capacity), agility T-Test performance results among elite Turkish female handball players. Thirty female handball players from the Turkish Super League voluntarily participated in the study, and four of them could not complete the study. A cross-sectional descriptive correlation design was used to test the research hypothesis. Measurements of the 30-15 IFT, Agility T-Test, and Wingate 30-second Anaerobic power and capacity tests were conducted with a 72-hour interval on three separate days. To test the research hypothesis, first, the correlation coefficients between the 30-15 IFT performance results and anaerobic performance and agility were calculated. Then, the Multiple Linear Regression analysis method was used to determine how well the identified variables predict the 30-15 IFT performance. Participants’ VO<sub>2maks</sub> capacities were reached through the 30-15 endurance test, and the relationship between players’ VO<sub>2maks</sub> levels and anaerobic power and capacity was examined. The regression analysis revealed no significant relationship between these two parameters (R<sup>2</sup>= 0.110, p&gt;0.05). The relationship between VO<sub>2maks</sub> and agility performance was also investigated in the study, and the regression analysis indicated no significant relationship between these two parameters (R<sup>2</sup>= 0.134, p&gt; 0.05). In summary, it has been determined that there is no relationship between the 30-15 Intermittent Fitness Test (IFT) and anaerobic performance in elite female handball players.</span></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences Examining family recreation from a parental perspective 2023-12-19T15:20:31+03:00 Beyza Merve Akgul Ferhat Kılıcarslan <p>This study was conducted on 346 parents attending family life centers in Etimesgut, Keçiören, Sincan and Yenimahalle districts of Ankara and aimed to examine how families spend their leisure time and the frequency of their participation in these activities. The Family Leisure Activity Profile (FLAP) tool was used in the study. SPSS Version 25.0 was used to analyze the data. Descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test and one-way analysis of variance ANOVA, post hoc tests (LSD) and Pearson correlation analysis were used to analyze the data. According to the results of the analysis, it was found that the participants had average FLAP scores (x̄=4.26). In addition, it was found that variables such as age, education level, perceived income level, leisure time duration, adequacy of leisure time, most preferred leisure time activities, sector of employment, daily working hours and number of children significantly affected the participants’ FLAP scores. The strongest positive relationships were observed with education level (r=0.446) and perceived income (r=0.445), while the strongest negative relationships were found between daily working hours (r=-0.342) and number of children (r=-0.239). As a result, the participation of families in recreational activities was evaluated in terms of space, duration and frequency, and it was determined that these results differed significantly according to different variables, and according to the results of the research, it was determined that the education and income levels of families should be increased in general, and the number of children and working hours make it difficult to participate in leisure time activities.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences Examining the attitudes of combat athletes towards their sports 2023-12-11T13:53:27+03:00 Emine Bal <p>In this study, it is aimed to investigate the attitudes of licensed athletes affiliated to Kickboxing and Muay Thai Federations towards their disciplines. A total of 497 athletes, 299 men and 198 women, participated in the study. The Attitude Scale Towards Competitive Sports and a personal information form prepared by the researcher were used to collect data within the scope of the research. The normality distributions of the data obtained were examined and it was determined that the distribution was close to normal. T-tests and Pearson correlation tests were used to investigate the relationship among the two concepts. Additionally, Confirmatory Factor Analysis (CFA) was conducted using the AMOS 23 program to ensure the validity of the measurement instrument. In conclusion, significant differences were observed in the satisfaction and motivation sub-dimensions of the scale across variables, whereas no significant difference was found in the enjoyment sub-dimension. This findigs suggest that Muay Thai athletes have a more negative attitude compared to kickboxers.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences The relationship between the SLC6A4 gene polymorphism (rs 5-HTTLPR) and aggression in combat athletes 2023-08-06T13:10:25+03:00 Eda Bilen Murat Elioz <p>This study aimed to investigate the relationship between the SLC6A4 gene’s 5-HTTLPR polymorphism and aggression levels among elite combat athletes. A total of 40 male athletes from taekwondo (N=10), kickboxing (N=10), boxing (N=10) and wrestling (N=10), aged between 20-35 years, participated in the study. The quantitative data was collected by using a personal information form and the Aggression Scale Inventory. Whole blood samples were taken for DNA isolation and genotyping analysis was performed. In 5-HTTLPR polymorphism, 38.8% (31) had the L allele and 61.3% (49) had the S allele. The highest S allele distribution in 5-HTTLPR polymorphism was found in taekwondo branch (32.7%). In 5-HTTLPR polymorphism, 77.5% (31) and 9% (22.5%) of the athletes had L/S and S/S genotyping, respectively. According to the aggression scale inventory, it was found that the wrestling branch had the highest general aggression mean (114.60), however; there was no significant difference between the sub-dimensions of aggression (Destructive, Attemptive and Passive) in branch comparisons (p&gt;0.05). Based on the applied aggression scale inventory and genetic analysis of SLC6A4 gene 5-HTTLPR polymorphism, it can be considered that the combat athletes participating in the study are tend to aggression.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences The effect of digital literacy levels of sports sciences faculty students on e-learning attitude 2023-04-27T20:34:13+03:00 Fikret Soyer Nuri Berk Gungor Alptug Soyer <p>The aim of this research is to determine the effect of digital literacy level of individuals studying at the Faculty of Sport Sciences on their e-learning attitude. The study group of the research consists of a total of 203 participants studying at the Faculty of Sport Sciences of a public university in the 2021-2022 academic year. The research was based on the relational screening model. Personal information form and Digital Literacy and Attitude Scales towards E-Learning were used as data collection tools in the study. In the process of data analysis, Parametric tests were used as a result of the data set meeting the normal distribution parameters. When the research results are examined; It can be stated that the digital literacy levels of the participants are slightly above the average and their e-learning attitudes are at an average level. It was determined that the e-learning attitude and digital literacy levels did not differ statistically according to the gender variable, and according to the athlete license variable, the e-learning attitudes of the participants were higher in favor of those with a license. Another finding obtained from the research is that the digital literacy feature has the power to explain the e-learning attitude by 17%. Therefore, it can be stated that the digital literacy feature is also important in order to improve the e-learning attitude of individuals.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences Investigation of the relationship between personality traits and sports consumption of volunteers working in international sports organizations 2023-12-02T00:20:22+03:00 Tolga Vural Gozde Algun Dogu <p>The purpose of this research; The aim of this study is to examine the relationship between the personality traits of the volunteers participating in the 5th Islamic Solidarity Games held in Konya in 2022 and their consumption of sports in terms of demographic variables. Relational screening model was used in accordance with the purpose of the research. While the population of the research consists of 1500 people who voluntarily participated in the 5th Islamic Solidarity Games held in Konya, the sample consists of 334 volunteer participants determined by simple random method. “Personal Information Form”, “Ten-Item Personality Scale (TSPS)” and “Sports Consumption Scale (SBL)” were used as data collection tools. The obtained data were analyzed by transferring them to the SPSS 25.0 package program. Frequency, percentage, mean and standard deviation analyzes were used in descriptive data analysis. In the analysis of the data, t-test for pairwise comparisons and One-Way Anova Test for multiple comparisons were applied to examine the differences between variables. Pearson Correlation Test was applied to examine the relationships between the variables. In addition, Tukey and LSD from multiple comparison tests were used. According to the research findings, the participants; It has been found that there are differences according to variables such as gender, age, volunteering experience, educational status, marital status, economic income, participation in sports as an active and spectator. In conclusion; In line with the data taken from the sample and the correlation analysis, a low positive correlation was found between the "responsibility" sub-dimension and the "sports product consumption" sub-dimension in the relationship of the sub-dimensions with each other.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences Researching the awareness of athletes in different branches in Turkey about their exposure to sexual abuse and harassment 2023-08-26T20:14:24+03:00 Erol Dogan Gulsah Sekban Metin Bayrak Osman Imamoglu <p>This study researching the awareness of athletes in different branches in Turkey about their exposure to sexual abuse and harassment. For this purpose, the data of the sexual harassment in sports inventory filled by 474 athletes were evaluated. The Ki-square test in statistical operations was performed. Significant differences were found in all parameters in the distribution of the sexual harassment and abuse behaviours of the athlete’s different branches by gender (p&lt;0.05 and p&lt;0.001). While there was a significant difference in some parameters according to gender (p&lt;0.05 and p&lt;0.001), there was no significant difference in some parameters (p&gt;0.05). It has been determined that male students have a higher rate of sexual harassment compared to female students in the questions differences. While there was a significant difference in the answers given to the statements “not wanting to prolong and being ashamed to tell” in the distribution of the reasons for not making a formal complaint by the athletes by gender (p&lt;0.05), the answers to the other questions were found to be similar (p&gt;0.05). Conclusion: It has been observed that there are differences in the perception of sexual abuse and harassment behaviours between male student-athletes and female student-athletes in the different branch athletes. The percentage of answers given to male and female student-athletes about sexual harassment in each question varies. It has been determined that male student-athletes are exposed to sexual abuse and harassment more than female student-athletes. A particular unit should be established to apply to victims of sexual abuse and harassment, and sexual abuse and harassment intervention programs for athletes should be designed and implemented.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences Investigating life satisfaction levels and self-esteem of sports high school students 2023-09-04T17:44:55+03:00 Hayri Aydogan <p>This study aims to examine the relationship between life-satisfaction and self-esteem levels of Sports High school students and also to examine this relationship in terms of various demographic variables. The population of the current research consisted of students receiving education at sports high schools in the Eastern Black Sea region in the 2021-2022 academic year and the sample consisted of 230 volunteer students (Xage=15,48±1,19) studying in these schools. “Demographic Information Form”, “The Life Satisfaction Scale”, and “Coopersmith Self-esteem Inventory” were used for collecting the research data. Data analyzes were evaluated using a SPSS 26.0 licensed package program. In the analyzes, descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test, One-way ANOVA, Tukey HSD test and Pearson Correlation were used. In the research findings, it was found that there was a significant difference in the life satisfaction levels of sports high school students according to the licensed sports activity variable, as well as a significant difference in their life satisfaction levels and self-esteem status according to the income status variable (p&lt;0.05). In addition, it was determined that there is a moderately significant relationship (**p&lt;0.01) between the life satisfaction levels of sports high school students and their self-esteem, and as it can be understood, the life satisfaction levels of the students increase with the increase in their self-esteem.</p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences The effects of nutrition and sports on growing up conditions in adolescent athletes 2023-12-16T16:19:02+03:00 Canan Asal Ulus Levent Bayram Deniz Ozge Yuceloglu Keskin Pinar Sokulmez Kaya Duygu Zeynep Yildiz <p class="TRKEZET"><em><span lang="EN-US">This research was conducted to examine the relationship between sports activity and nutritional status with height and weight percentile values, which are growth criteria in adolescence. A total of (n=93) people participated in the research, including 50 males (53,8%) and 43 females (46,2%). In the study data was obtained by using a personal information form and measuring height and weight. Frequency, percentage and Chi-square Fisher's Exact Test were used in the analysis of research data. The value (p&lt;0.05) was accepted as the significance level in statistical analyses. According to the analysis, it was determined that there was a statistical connection between the participants' implementation of a self-determined nutrition program and their height percentile and weight percentile status (p&lt;0,05). Frequency of weekly training, number of meals a day, and skipping meals during the day were not found to be statistically related to height and weight percentiles (p&lt;0,05). As a result, it can be interpreted that diets implemented unconsciously and not based on any expert advice during adolescence may negatively affect children's height and weight percentile status and therefore their growth and development levels.</span></em></p> 2023-12-29T00:00:00+03:00 Copyright (c) 2023 Journal of ROL Sport Sciences