Evaluation of problems related to halal food access in international sports organizations

Abstract views: 43 / PDF downloads: 20





Halal Food, Halal Food Access, , International Sports Organization


This study was conducted to evaluate the problems related to halal food access of national athletes, coaches, and other team members participating in international sports organizations. The sample group of the study consists of national athletes, coaches, and other national team members who participate in international sports organizations in Turkish National teams (n=130). Before the study, a personal information form consisting of six questions and a survey question regarding halal food access consisting of ten questions were prepared. Statistical analysis of the data obtained, frequency, percentage distributions, and chi-square significant relationships were examined. According to the study findings, (81%) of the participants are male, (19%) are female, (46%) are university graduates, (43%) national athletes, (15%) national team coaches, (10%) administrators and referees. According to the research; (90%) of the participants stated that they pay attention to halal food, (74%) that they could not easily consume food at international sports competitions, (% 89) of them stated that not having halal food negatively affected their performance and (70%) of them stated that they could not achieve the desired success due to difficult access to halal food. A significant relationship was found in the chi-square test between the situation in which the performance of athletes was negatively affected due to the lack of halal food in sports organizations held abroad and the fact that it was effective in not achieving the desired sports success. As a result; it is understood that the participants have difficulty accessing halal food from international sports organizations. For participants with halal food sensitivity, international sports committees and sports federations should make preparations for easy access to the necessary halal food. This study aims to raise awareness to prepare environments that can meet the food needs of the participants in sports organizations on their religion and culture.


Addina, F. N., & Santoso, I. (2020). Concept of halal food development to support halal tourism: A review. In IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science (Vol. 475, No. 1, p. 012053). IOP Publishing.

Alam, S.S., & Sayuti, N. M. (2011). Applying the theory of planned behavior (TPB) in halal food purchasing, International Journal of Commerce and Management, 21 (1), 8-20,

Al-Ansi A., & Han, H. (2019). Role of halal-friendly destination performances, value, satisfaction, and trust in generating destination image and loyalty J. Destin. Market. Manage. 13 51–60.

Björk P., & Kauppinen-räisänen, H. (2019). Destination foodscape: A stage for travelers ‘ food experience Tour. Manage. 71 466–475.

Bon, M., & Hussain, M. (2010), “Chapter 4 Halal”, Scott, N. and Jafari, J. (Ed.) Tourism in the Muslim World, Bridging Tourism Theory and Practice, Vol. 2, Emerald Group Publishing Limited, Leeds, pp. 47-59.

Bonne, K., & Verbeke, W. (2006). Muslim consumer’s motivations towards meat consumption in Belgium: qualitative exploratory insights from means-end chain analysis, Anthropology of Food, (5).

Bonne, K., & Verbeke, W. (2008). Religious values informing Halal meat production and the control and delivery of Halal credence quality, Agriculture and Human Values, 25 35-47.

Carbone J.W. McClung, J.P., & Pasiakos S.M. (2012). Skeletal muscle responses to negative energy balance: Effects of dietary protein, Advances in Nutrition, 3(2), 119-126. 10.3945/an.111.001792.

Delener, N. (1994). ‘Religious contrasts in consumer decision behavior patterns: Their dimensions and marketing implications’ (Abstract). European Journal of Marketing, 28 (5), 36–53.

Döndüren, H. (19-20 Mart 2015). İslam’a göre gıdalarda Haram ve Helal standardı. 253-278, Uluslararası Helal Ürün Ekonomisi Sempozyumu (Üretim-Standartlar-Pazarlama), Sakarya Üniversitesi.

Fam, K.S. Waller, D.S., & Erdogan, B.Z. (2004). The Influence of Religion on Attitudes towards the Advertising of Controversial Product, European Journal of Marketing, 38(5/6), 537-555.

Hassapidou, M. (2001). Dietary assessment of five male sports teams in Greece. Nutrition & Food Science, 31(1), 31-35.

Henderson, J.C. (2016). Halal food, certification and halal tourism: Insights from Malaysia and Singapore Tour. Manag. Perspect. 19, 160–164.

Institute of Medicine (IOM) (2005). Food and Nutrition Board, editor. Dietary reference intakes for energy, carbohydrate, fiber, fat, fatty acids, cholesterol, protein, and amino acids. Washington, D.C.: The National Academies Press.

Koşum, A. (2013). Hayvansal ürünlerin üretiminde besleme ve helallik. Journal of Islamic Law Studies, (22).

Lavallee, D. Kremer, J. Moran, A. P., & Williams, M. (2003). Sport psychology. Palgrave Macmillan.

Marzuki, S.Z.S., Hall, C.M., & Ballantine, P.W. (2014). Measurement of restaurant manager expectations toward halal certification using factor and cluster analysis Procedia, Soc. Behav. Sci. 121 291–303.

Mokhlis, S. (2006). The Effect of Religiosity on Shopping Orientation: an exploratory study in Malaysia. Journal of American Academy of Business, 9 (1), 64-74.

Nurrachmi, R. (2017). Islamic Tourism: Factors that influence Muslim Tourists and how to promote tourism in OIC Countries. Intra Trade in OIC, 131-138.

Pelly, F.E., & Burkhart, S. J. (2014). Dietary regimens of athletes competing at the Delhi 2010 Common wealth Games. International Journal of Sport Nutrition and Exercise Metabolism, 24(1), 28-36.

Roberts, G.C., & Treasure, D. (2012). Advances in motivation in sport and exercise, Human Kinetics

Rodriguez, N.R. Di Marco, N.M., & Langley, S. (2009). American College of Sports Medicine position stand: Nutrition and athletic performance. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 41, 709–731.

Saad, A.H., & Low, P.L.C (2008). Marketing of Halal Products: The Way Forward, The Halal Journal, 44-46.

Sitasari, I. (2008). Consumer preferences and behavior attributes Islamic credit card. Unpublished Thesis Report. Depok: PSTTI-UI [Program Pascasarjana Studi Timur Tengah dan Islam–Universitas Indonesia].

Soesilowati, E.S. (2010). Business Opportunities for Halal Products in the Global Market: Muslim Consumer Behaviour and Halal Food Consumption, Journal of Indonesian Social Sciences and Humanities, 3(1), 151-160.

Soygüden, A., & Yetim, H. (2023). Helal gıda el kitabı-Halal food hand book, İstanbul Sebahattin Zaim Üniversitesi Yayınları, 1. Baskı İstanbul, 2023.

Soygüden, A., & Taşkıran, C. (2019). Turkish national wrestlers and halal food-related problems in the organization of international sport. International Journal of Wrestling Science, 9(2), 1-8.

Taylor, J. (2018). Psychology Today https://www.psychologytoday.com/us/blog/the-power-prime/200910/sports-what-motivates-athletes

Thompson, J.L. Manore, M.M. Skinner, J.S. Ravussin, E., & Spraul, M. (1995). Daily energy expenditure in male endurance athletes with differing energy intakes. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 1995; 27:347–54.

Türk Dil Kurumu (TDK), (2021). Helal, https://soz-luk.gov.tr/ (Erişim Tarihi: 01 Mayıs 2021/ Access Date: 01 May 2021)

Türkiye Diyanet Başkanlığı, (2024). İlmihal I İman İbadetler, p.p:172;190

https://webdosya.diyanet.gov.tr/DiyanetAnasayfa/UserFiles/DiniBilgiler/ilmihal_cilt_1.pdf (Erişim Tarihi: 15 Ocak 2024/ Access Date: 15 Jan. 2024)

Yazır, E. H. (2005). Kur’an-ı Kerim ve Açıklamalı Meali. Sadeleştiren: M. Sadi Çöğenli: İstanbul. Huzur Yayın.

Yousaf, S., & Xiucheng, F. (2018). Halal culinary and tourism marketing strategies on government websites: A preliminary analysis Tour. Manage. 68 423–443.



How to Cite

Soyguden, A., & Yetim, H. (2024). Evaluation of problems related to halal food access in international sports organizations . Journal of ROL Sport Sciences, 5(2), 309–322. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.12600166