INVESTIGATION OF THE EFFECTIVENESS OF PILATES EXERCISE ON PEOPLE WITH LOW BACK PAIN
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Keywords:Low Back Pain, Exercise, Pilates
Chronic low back pain is a highly prevalent symptom and affects approximately 90% of people. The most common type is non-specific low back pain. Exercise is considered to be the best treatment for non-specific low back pain. The focus of Pilates exercises on the muscles that provide lumbopelvic stabilization, both dynamically and statically, has been an important reason for investigating the effectiveness of pilates exercises on those with low back pain. The aim is to make a systematic review of the literature examining the effects of pilates exercises applied to people with low back pain on parameters such as pain, strength, flexibility, balance, and coordination. The study was conducted using Google Scholar database. In the study, works published in English between 2000 and April 2021 in the google scholar database were discussed. In the mentioned database, the keywords "low back pain" and "pilates" are used. In most of the articles reviewed, significant improvements were observed in parameters such as pain, kinesiophobia, and quality of life of pilates exercises. In addition, parameters such as strength, flexibility, balance, and coordination have improved and the quality of life of people has increased. Although some articles aren’t related to low back pain, they were added to the study because the effectiveness of pilates exercises was investigated and these findings were considered to have positive effects on low back pain. Despite the studies, it is required that more studies are needed on which movements of pilates are more suitable for people with low back pain.
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