Examining family recreation from a parental perspective


Abstract views: 65 / PDF downloads: 39

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10426896

Keywords:

Family recreation, leisure, parent

Abstract

This study was conducted on 346 parents attending family life centers in Etimesgut, Keçiören, Sincan and Yenimahalle districts of Ankara and aimed to examine how families spend their leisure time and the frequency of their participation in these activities. The Family Leisure Activity Profile (FLAP) tool was used in the study. SPSS Version 25.0 was used to analyze the data. Descriptive statistics, independent sample t-test and one-way analysis of variance ANOVA, post hoc tests (LSD) and Pearson correlation analysis were used to analyze the data. According to the results of the analysis, it was found that the participants had average FLAP scores (x̄=4.26). In addition, it was found that variables such as age, education level, perceived income level, leisure time duration, adequacy of leisure time, most preferred leisure time activities, sector of employment, daily working hours and number of children significantly affected the participants’ FLAP scores. The strongest positive relationships were observed with education level (r=0.446) and perceived income (r=0.445), while the strongest negative relationships were found between daily working hours (r=-0.342) and number of children (r=-0.239). As a result, the participation of families in recreational activities was evaluated in terms of space, duration and frequency, and it was determined that these results differed significantly according to different variables, and according to the results of the research, it was determined that the education and income levels of families should be increased in general, and the number of children and working hours make it difficult to participate in leisure time activities.

References

Agate, J. R., Zabriskie, R. B., Agate, S. T., & Poff, R. (2009). Family leisure satisfaction and satisfaction with family life. Journal of Leisure Research, 41(2), 205-223.

Agate, S. T., Zabriskie, R. B., & Eggett, D. L. (2007). Praying, playing, and successful families: An examination of family religiosity, family leisure, and family functioning. Marriage & Family Review, 42(2), 51-75.

Aslan, N. (2009). An examination of family leisure and family satisfaction among traditional Turkish families. Journal of Leisure Research, 41(2), 157-176.

Brašić, J. (2003). Documentation of demographic data. Psychological Reports, 93(1), 151-152.

Buswell, L., Zabriskie, R., Lundberg, N., & Hawkins, A. (2012). The relationship between father involvement in family leisure and family functioning: The importance of daily family leisure. Leisure Sciences, 34(2), 172–190.

Caprara, G. V., Pastorelli, C., Regalia, C., Scabini, E., & Bandura, A. (2005). Impact of adolescents’ filial self‐efficacy on quality of family functioning and satisfaction. Journal of Research on Adolescence, 15(1), 71-97.

DeFrain, J., & Asay, S. M. (2007). Strong families around the world: An introduction to the family strengths perspective. Marriage & Family Review, 41(1-2), 1-10.

Dumazedier, J. (1991). Family and leisure time. Journal of Social Policy Studies, 2(2).

European Values in Education (2023, Eylül 15). Atlas of european values, https://www.atlasofeuropeanvalues.eu/tr/maptool.html

Fişek, G. O., & Scherler, H. R. (1996). Toplumsal değişim ve eşler: cinsiyet senaryolarının sınırlarını genişletme amaçlı bir terapi yaklaşımı. Türk Psikoloji Dergisi, 11(36), 1-11.

Fotu, I. (2007). Family leisure involvement and family functioning in Samoa. [Master’s thesis. Brigham Young University], Provo, UT.

Gürdap-Köseoğlu, G. (2019). Etkili birey yetiştirmede ailenin rolüne ilişkin öğretmen adaylarının algıları [Yüksek lisans tezi, İnönü Üniversitesi]. YÖK Ulusal Tez Merkezi,

Güzel, E. (2021). Rekreasyon liderlik türlerinin Gaziantep halkının rekreasyon aktivitelerine katılımları üzerine etkisi [Yüksek lisans tezi, Karamanoğlu Mehmetbey Üniversitesi]. Dspace,

Hernández-Prados, M. Á., & Álvarez-Muñoz, J. S. (2023). Family leisure in rural and urban environments: a question of context. Societies, 13(2), 35.

Hodge, C. J., Duerden, M. D., Layland, E. K., Lacanienta, A., Goates, M. C., & Niu, X. M. (2017). The association between family leisure and family quality of life: A meta‐analysis of data from parents and adolescents. Journal of Family Theory & Review, 9(3), 328-346.

Hofstade Insight (2023, Eylül 16), Country comparıson tool, https://www.hofstede-insights.com/country-comparison-tool?countries=turkey

Horna, J. L. A. (1989). The leisure component of the parental role. Journal of Leisure Research, 21, 228-241.

Huff, C., Widmer, M., McCoy, K., & Hill, B. (2003). The influence of challenging outdoor recreation on parent-adolescent communication. Therapeutic Recreation Journal, 37(1), 18-37.

Hutchinson, S., Afifi, T., & Krause, S. (2007). The family that plays together fares better: Examining the contribution of shared family time to family resilience following divorce. Journal of Divorce & Remarriage, 46(4), 21–48.

Johnson, H., Zabriskie, R., & Hill, B. (2006). The contribution of couple leisure involvement, leisure time, and leisure satisfaction to marital satisfaction. Marriage & Family Review, 40(1), 69–91.

Kara, F. M. (2022). Serbest zaman, aile rekreasyonu ve değişen baba rolleri. Babalar ve kızları çok disiplinli bir yaklaşım. Ege Üniversitesi Yayınları Kadın Sorunları Uygulama ve Araştırma Merkezi, 12, 75-92.

Karasar, N. (2011). Bilimsel araştırma yöntemi. Nobel Yayınevi.

Kılıç, M. (2015). Aile ve serbest zaman ilişkisi: Düzce örneği. Düzce Üniversitesi Sosyal Bilimler Dergisi, 5(1), 27-49.

Ko, K. M., Pai C. H., & Mao X. Y. (2018). Effects of ecotourism environmental experience on leisure coping and leisure benefits. Ekoloji, 27(106), 591-597

Kocakaya, R. (2017). Engelli üyeye sahip ailelerdeki bireylerin psikolojik dayanıklılığı ile algılanan aile işlevselliği arasındaki ilişki. [Yüksek lisans tezi, Ankara Yıldırım Beyazıt Üniversitesi] Yök Açık Bilim.

KONDA Araştırma ve Danışmanlık (2012, Ocak 10). Türkiye aile yapısı. https://konda.com.tr/uploads/konda-1201-turkiye-aile-yapisi-93a9aeea385aabffd0ff8b4476e139762a0820b453fd706dc15b497ce4335baa.pdf

Ma, L., & Li, S. (2023). A study on the relationship among father’s leisure ınvolvement, family leisure satisfaction and family well-being. Journal of Sociology and Ethnology, 5(5), 103-111.

Melton, K. K. (2017). Family activity model: Crossroads of activity environment and family interactions in family leisure. In Revisiting Family Leisure Research. Routledge.

Olson, D. H. (2000). Circumplex model of marital and family systems. Journal of Family Therapy, 22(2), 144-167.

Özalp-Uyanık, S. (2009). TİF ve MEB izci liderlerinin izcilik hakkında görüşleri ve mesleki motivasyon düzeylerinin incelenmesi [Yüksek lisans tezi, Marmara Üniversitesi]. YÖK Tez Merkezi.

Petrović, J., Cenić, S., & Dimitrijević, D. (2018). Sports and physical engagement of elementary school students in their leisure time. Facta Universitatis, Series: Physical Education and Sport, 16(2), 420-434.

Poff, R.A., Zabriskie, R. B., & Townsend, J. (2010). Australian Family Leisure: Modeling parent and youth data. Annals of Leisure Research, 13(3), 420-438.

Ragheb M G. (1980). Interrelationships among leisure ınvolvement, leisure satisfaction and leisure attitudes. Journal of Leisure Research, 12(2), 138-149.

Sara Wells, M., Widmer, M. A., & Kelly McCoy, J. (2004). Grubs and grasshoppers: challenge‐based recreation and the collective efficacy of families with at‐risk youth. Family relations, 53(3), 326-333.

Shaw, S. M., & Dawson, D. (2001). Purposive leisure: Examining parental discourses on family activities. Leisure Sciences, 23, 217-231.

Süzer, M. (2000). Üniversite öğrencilerinin boş zamanlarını değerlendirme alışkanlıkları. Pamukkale Üniversitesi Eğitim Fakültesi Dergisi, 8(8), 123-133

Swinton, A. T., Freeman, P. A., Zabriskie, R. B., & Fields, P. J. (2008). Nonresident fathers’ family leisure patterns during parenting time with their children. Fathering: A Journal of Theory, Research & Practice about Men as Fathers, 6(3).

Toth Jr, J. F., Brown, R. B., & Xu, X. (2002). Separate family and community realities? An urban-rural comparison of the association between family life satisfaction and community satisfaction. Community, Work & Family, 5(2), 181-202.

Townsend, J. A., Van Puymbroeck, M., & Zabriskie, R. B. (2017). The core and balance model of family leisure functioning: A systematic review. Revisiting Family Leisure Research, 52-72.

Uysal, İ., & Kılıç, A. (2022). Normal dağılım ikilemi. Anadolu Journal of Educational Sciences International, 12(1), 220-248.

Ward, P., Barney, K., Lundberg, N., & Zabriskie, R. (2014). A critical examination of couple leisure and the application of the core and balance model. Journal of Leisure Research, 46(4), 593–611.

Williamson, M. C. (2013). The contribution of family leisure to family functioning and family satisfaction among urban Russian families. [Master’s thesis, Brigham Young University]. Scholars Archive,

Zabriskie, R. B., & McCormick, B. P. (2001). The influences of family leisure patterns on perceptions of family functioning. Family Relations, 50(3), 281-289.

Zabriskie, R. B., & McCormick, B. P. (2003). Parent and child perspectives of family leisure involvement and satisfaction with family life. Journal of Leisure Research, 35(2), 163-189.

Zabriskie, R. B., Aslan, N., & Williamson, M. (2018). Turkish family life: A study of family leisure, family functioning, and family satisfaction. Journal of Leisure Research, 49(1), 8-27.

Zabriskie, R., & Freeman, P. (2004). Contributions of family leisure to family functioning among transracial adoptive families. Adoption Quarterly, 7(3), 49-77.

Published

12/29/2023

How to Cite

Akgul, B. M., & Kılıcarslan, F. (2023). Examining family recreation from a parental perspective. Journal of ROL Sport Sciences, 4(4), 1376–1410. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.10426896

Most read articles by the same author(s)