Motor skills in individuals with disabilities
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Keywords:Disabilities, motor skills, systematic review
This study is a systematic review of the published scientific studies on the effect and importance of motor skills in individuals with disabilities. The study was conducted following the PRISMA (Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic review and Meta-Analysis) guidelines and did not include disability groups other than those with physical, visual, cognitive, and hearing impairments. A search was conducted using the keywords “(motor skill) AND (disabled)” in the PubMed database, resulting in 256 results which were reduced to 110 after adding limitations of “Randomized-Controlled Study” and “Experimental Study” and “Review.” Of these, 90 studies were excluded, and the remaining 10 studies were included in the analysis. The results showed that motor development in the first three years of development is related to cognitive development in individuals with disabilities. Children with disabilities who participated in sports had better motor performance compared to those who did not participate. Early detection of motor skill development and early educational and exercise interventions for individuals with motor skill deficits are suggested based on the results of the literature review.
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