The effects of movement skills exercise program on the motor and attentional performance of individuals with intellectual disabilities


Abstract views: 140 / PDF downloads: 92

Authors

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8348296

Keywords:

Movement skills, exercise, intellectual disability, motor fitness, attention test

Abstract

This study aims to determine the effect of movement skills exercise program on motor and attention performance of people with intellectual disabilities. In the study, an 8-week movement training program was applied to the experimental group and a classical physical education program was applied to the control group while the effectiveness of these two training programs on the body composition, coordination, agility and attention characteristics of the participants was investigated. In the study, EZE children and their families were reached in Mersin province and voluntary participation of 40 EZE children aged between 10 and 20 years was ensured with the consent forms given by their families. Twenty of the participants were formed as experimental group (9 males, 11 females) and the other 20 were formed as control group (14 males, 6 females). In the study, two groups, one experimental group and the other control group, were formed by random assignment in the pretest-posttest control group model. The results of this study showed that only the throwing and catching test result between the experimental and control groups was greater in favor of the experimental group during the pretest in male and female adolescents. During the post-test, between the experimental and control groups in both sexes, the Burdon's attention test was greater in favor of the experimental group and the slalom test was greater in favor of the control group. As a result, the 8-week movement training program had a low effect on the body mass index, a moderate effect on slalom skills, and a large effect on throwing-catching and Burdon attention test in EZE men, while it had a low effect only on the Burdon test in men with different exercise programs.

References

Alesi, M., Bianco, A., Luppina, G., Palma, A., & Pepi, A. (2016). Improving children’s coordinative skills and executive functions: The effects of a football exercise program. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 122, 27–46.

Amado, S. (1996). Farklı dikkat düzeylerinin örtük ve açık bellek üzerindeki etkileri [Doktora tezi, Ege Üniversitesi]. Sosyal Bilimler Enstitüsü.

Aydın, A. (1999). Gelişim ve öğrenme psikolojisi, Anı Yayıncılık.

Ayers, S. F., & Sariscsany, M. J. (2010). Physical education for lifelong fitness: The physical best teacher’s guide, Human Kinetics.

Baddeley, A., Cocchini, G., Della Sala, S., Logie, R. H., & Spinnler, H. (1999). Working memory and vigilance: evidence from normal aging and Alzheimer’s disease. Brain and Cognition, 41, 87–108.

Blacker, K. J., Curby, K. M., Klobusicky, E., & Chein, J. M. (2014). Effects of action video game training on visual working memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology: Human Perception and Performance, 40, 1992–2004.

Budde, H., Voelcker-Rehage, C., Pietraßyk-Kendziorra, S., Ribeiro, P., & Tidow, G. (2008). Acute coordinative exercise improves attentional performance in adolescents. Neuroscience Letters, 441(2), 219-223.

Buonaccorsi, A. (2001). Manuale di Standardizzazione dei Test. CONI Osservatorio Nazionale Capacità Motorie. Edizioni Scuola dello Sport Coni, Livorno.

Burns, R., Fu, Y., Fang, Y., Hannon, J., & Brusseau, T. (2017). Effect of a 12-week physical activity program on gross motor skills in children. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 124(6), 1121-1133.

Carretti, B., Borella, E., & De Beni, R. (2007). Does strategic memory training improve the working memory performance of younger and older adults? Experimental Psychology, 54(4), 311-320.

Castelli, D. M., Centeio, E. E., Hwang, J., Barcelona, J. M., Glowaki, E. M., Calvert, H. G., … et al. (2014). VII. The history of physical activity and academic performance research: informing the future. Monographs of the Society for Research in Child Development 79 (4), 119–148. doi:10.1111/mono.12133

Chang, Y. K., Huang, C. J., Chen, K. F., & Hung, T. M. (2013). Physical activity and working memory in healthy older adults: An ERP study. Psychophysiology 50 (11), 1174–1182.

Dajic, S., Kapidic, A., & Kuna, D. (2017). The body height and weight influence on motoric achievements tests performing in basketball for three different ages. Homo Sporticus, 19, 23–29.

Dirksen, T., De Lussanet, M., Zentgraf, K., Slupinski, L., & Wagner, H. (2016). Increased throwing accuracy improves children’s catching performance in a ball-catching task from the movement assessment battery (MABC-2). Front. Psichol.7:1122.

Donati, A., Lai, G., Marcello, F., & Masia, P. (1994). La valutazione nell'avviamento allo sport. Società stampa sportiva 69–259.

Donnelly, J. E., Hillman, C. H., Castelli, D., Etnier, J. L., Lee, S., Tomporowski, P. D., … et al. (2016). Physical activity, fitness, cognitive function, and academic achievement in children: A systematic review. Medicine and Science in Sports and Exercise, 48(6), 1197– 1222. doi:10.1249/mss.0000000000000901

Fernandes, J., Arida, R. M., & Gomez-Pinilla, F. (2017). Physical exercise as an epigenetic modulator of brain plasticity and cognition. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 80, 443–456. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2017.06.012.

Guo, W., Wang, B., Lu, Y., Zhu, Q., Shi, Z., & Ren, J. (2016). The relationship between different exercise modes and visuospatial working memory in older adults: A cross-sectional study. Peer Publishing 4: e2254.

Hötting, K., & Röder, B. (2013). Beneficial effects of physical exercise on neuroplasticity and cognition. Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 37, 2243–2257. doi: 10.1016/j.neubiorev.2013.04.005.

Hotting, K., Reich, B., Holzschneider, K., Kauschke, K., Schmidt, T., Reer, R., … et al. (2012). Differential cognitive effects of cycling versus stretching/coordination training in middle-aged adults. Health Psychology, 31(2), 145.

Janssen, I., & LeBlanc, A. G. (2010). Systematic review of the health benefits of physical activity and fitness in school-aged children and youth. International Journal of Behavioral Nutrition and Physical Activity, 7(1), 1-16. doi:10.1186/1479-5868-7-40.

Karaduman, D. (2004). Dikkat toplama eğitim programının ilköğretim 4. ve 5. sınıf öğrencilerinin dikkat toplama düzeyi, benlik algısı ve başarı düzeylerine etkisi (Yayınlanmamış Doktora Tezi). Ankara Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü, Ankara.

Kashfi, T., Sohrabi, M., Saberi Kakhki, A., Mashhadi, A., & Jabbari Nooghabi, M. (2019). Effects of a motor intervention program on motor skills and executive functions in children with learning disabilities. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 126(3), 477-498.

Kirova, A. M., Bays, R. B., & Lagalwar, S. (2015). Working memory and executive function decline across normal aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer’s disease. BioMed research International, 2015.

Kwok, T. C. Y., Lam, K., Wong, P., Chau, W. W., Yuen, K. S. L., Ting, K. T., … et al. (2011). Effectiveness of coordination exercise in improving cognitive function in older adults: A prospective study. Clinical Interventions in Aging 6, 261–267.

Muiños, M., & Ballesteros, S. (2014). Peripheral vision and perceptual asymmetries in young and older martial arts athletes and nonathletes. Attention, Perception, & Psychophysics. 76, 2465–2476.

Özcan, M. (2018). İlkokul öğrencilerinin dikkat durumlarının incelenmesi, [Yüksek Lisans Tezi], Yakın Doğu Üniversitesi Eğitim Bilimleri Enstitüsü Eğitim Bilimleri Ana Bilim Dalı Rehberlik ve Psikolojik Danışmanlık Bilim Dalı, Lefkoşa.

Özdoğan, B. (2001). Altı- on iki yaşlarındaki çocukların eğitimi ve okul başarıları. Eğitim ve Bilim, 26, 3- 7.

Padilla, C., Pérez, L., & Andrés, P. (2014). Chronic exercise keeps working memory and inhibitory capacities fit. Frontiers in Behavioral Neuroscience. 8, 49.

Pamuk, Ö., Özçelik, M. A., Toktaş, N., Gündoğdu, A., Hindistan, İ. E., & Özkaya, Y. G. (2019). Cognitive task during fatiguing exercise increases the sensory-motor performance in professional dancers. Gazzetta Medica Italiana-Archivio per le Scienze Mediche, 178(5), 268-76.

Pamuk, Ö., Karaca, N. H., & Arabaci, M. (2022). The motor creativity skilsls of children in preschool: A study on the effect of sports. Journal of Pharmaceutical Negative Results, 2217-2227.

Sibley, B. A., & Etnier, J. L. (2003). The relationship between physical activity and cognition in children: a meta-analysis. Pediatric Exercise Science, 15(3), 243-256.doi:10.1123/pes.15.3.243

Singh, A. S., Saliasi, E., van den Berg, V., Uijtdewilligen, L., de Groot, R. H. M., Jolles, J., … et al. (2019). Effects of physical activity interventions on cognitive and academic performance in children and adolescents: A novel combination of a systematic review and recommendations from an expert panel. British Journal of Sports Medicine, 53(10), 640-647. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2017-09 8136

Stimpson, N.J., Davison, G., & Javadi, A.H. (2018). Joggin’ the noggin: Towards a physiological understanding of exercise-induced cognitive benefits Neuroscience & Biobehavioral Reviews, 88, 177-186.

Tabachnick, B. G., & Fidell, L. S. (2013). Using multivariate statistics. Boston, Pearson.

Tomporowski, P. D., Lambourne, K., & Okumura, M. S. (2011). Physical activity interventions and children’s mental function: An introduction and overview. Preventive Medicine, 52, 3-9.

Vazou, S., Pesce, C., Lakes, K., & Smiley-Oyen, A. (2016). More than one road leads to Rome: A narrative review and meta-analysis of physical activity intervention effects on cognition in youth. International Journal of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 17(2), 153-178.

Yu-Kai, C., Yu-Jung, J. T., Tai Ting, C., & Tsung-Min, H. (2013). The impacts of coordinative exercise on executive function in kindergarten children: an ERP study. Experimental Brain Research. 225, 187–196.

Zach, S., & Shalom, E. (2016). The influence of acute physical activity on working memory. Perceptual and Motor Skills, 122(2), 365-374.

Published

12/29/2023

How to Cite

Arslan, F., Gulgosteren, E., Ziyagil, M. A., & Toptas Demirci, P. (2023). The effects of movement skills exercise program on the motor and attentional performance of individuals with intellectual disabilities. Journal of ROL Sport Sciences, 4(4), 1215–1236. https://doi.org/10.5281/zenodo.8348296